Skip to main content

How 6-Axis Industrial Robots Work

6-axis industrial robots are commonly used in the manufacturing industry due to their flexibility, powerful programming software, payload capacities ranging from 5kg up to 1000kg and accuracy to 0.1mm or better. Here is a basic breakdown of how a standard 6-axis robot works. The way it rotates, how it is programmed, and the different types of tooling and grippers.

Here is a basic breakdown of how a standard 6-axis robot works. The way it rotates, how it is programmed, and even the different types of tooling and grippers are covered in this informative video.

Six-axis industrial robots are one of the most powerful tools available today. This type of robots performs a wider range of applications with greater flexibility. In their simplest terms they consist of two units; the robotic arm and the control system. It is called as six degrees of freedom or six-axis robot because the arm has 6 axis which allow it to move to any point within a working envelope. The following list specifies the functions of each axis.

  • Axis 1 – It is located at the base of a robot, and allows it to rotate from left to right.
  • Axis 2 – It helps the lower arm of a robot to extend forward and backward.
  • Axis 3 – It allows the upper arm of a robot to raise and lower.
  • Axis 4 – This axis is known as wrist roll, and it rotates the upper arm of a robot in a circular movement.
  • Axis 5 – It permits the wrist of the robot’s arm to raise and lower.
  • Axis 6 – It allows the wrist of the robot’s arm to rotate freely in a circular motion.

Movement is driven by servo motors. The control system is a computer that allows precise movement of the arm by controlling the power supplied to the motors. 6-axis robots can be integrated with e.g. injection moulding machines, diecast machines, clipping presses, flame treatment, spraying and welding equipment.

A 7th axis can also be incorporated if needed, again there are a full range of sizes to be selected. When working on complex parts, or with complex processes like arc welding, 6 axis may just not be enough. For these situations it is introduced a new generation of workpiece positioners which can be fully coordinated with the movement of robots. The main robot manufacturers are among other ABB, Fanuc, Kuka, Motoman, Nachi and Kawasaki.

Comments

You might also like

    Popular posts

    What is Mechatronics?

    Mechatronics definition Mechatronics is a synergistic combination of precision engineering, electronic control and mechanic systems. It is the science, that exists at the interface among the other five disciplines: mechanics, electronics, informatics, automation, robotics. It is one of the most dynamically developing fields of technology and science. The word 'mechatronics' appeared for the first time in Japan in 1969. mechatronics = mecha nics + elec tronics + computing

    Intro to Mechatronics [e-book pdf]

    Intro to Mechatronics - lecture by Professor Vikram Kapila, New York University Mechatronics Defined Mechatronics: Working Definition for us Product Realization Paradigm Disciplinary Foundations of Mechatronics Multi-/Cross-/Inter-Disciplinary Sequential/Concurrent Product Realization Mechatronics-based Product Realization Mechatronic Design Process

    DIY Low Cost 6-Axis Desktop Robot

    Learning how to build a robot is a long way. It is the way by mechanics, electronics and programming. Such a mechatronics project is associated with problems such as stiffness (mechanics), overvoltage (electronics) or bug (software). Of course, if something is wrong, we always say 'it's not a bug, it's a feature', but finally a robot has to start working properly.

    Ascento - The Two-Wheeled Jumping Robot

    All-terrain capabilities are required to extend beyond flat surfaces the application range of wheeled robots. First think is four or six-legged robots which have been well known for years. Nowadays, thanks to more and more perfect gait algorithms, the two-legged (bipedal) robots appears more and more often. ETH Zürich students combine the advantages of wheeled robot and two-legged robot.

    How Automated Parking System Works

    An automated car parking system is a mechatronic system designed to transport and park cars automatically. The first semi-automated parking system was used in Paris, France in 1905 at the Garage Rue de Ponthieu (the car was transported to selected level using an internal elevator and the vehicle was parked by attendants). An automated storage and retrieval system for cars is a solution to cities' parking problems, such as the space wasting in a multi-story parking.

    Smart Home Makes Your Life Easier

    Smart homes are also called intelligent, automated or autonomous houses. Nowadays, you can also automate the flats. Dynamic development of automation technology gives you opportunities that were only seen in sci-fi movies in the past. Soon, probably only your imagination will be the limit. What gives us the smart home system?

    Mechatronic Systems Applications [e-book pdf]

    Mechatronics is the synergistic blend of mechanics, electronics, and computer science. This book is concerned with applications of mechatronic systems in various fields, like robotics, medical and assistive technology, human-machine interaction, unmanned vehicles, manufacturing, and education.